Poor Chinese Selling Organs to Japanese on Black Market; One Community Has Become an “Organ Village”

Poor Chinese Selling Organs to Japanese on Black Market; One Community Has Become an “Organ Villages”
Jiji Press: 中国で日本人に生体闇移植=違法行為か、貧困層ら売る―「臓器村」存在
Report from Beijing February 20, 2012

Several Japanese are going to China and secretly buying kidneys from the poor to receive in transplants, this newspaper learned on the 20th. Several parties involved in Chinese organ transplants have affirmed this information; they say “30-40 Japanese people come to China each year to receive kidney transplants, and most of those organs were purchased.”

In principle, organ transplants to foreigners has been illegal in China since 2007. Last year, the sale of organs was made illegal as well, further exposing the strength of the organ trade. An organ donor shortage in Japan is deepening, but Japanese citizens’ involvement in the black market could cause problems of its own.

In 2010, the NPO (non-profit organization) International Medical Information Center, which connects Japanese seeking donations with Chinese hospitals, heard from a doctor in a Shandong Province military hospital that “we use intermediaries for organ transplants” and introduced the NPO to a broker in Beijing. That broker said, “we use organs bought and sold on the market for organ transplants.” The NPO sensed the broker’s offerings would be illegal and refused.

This broker also told the NPO, “One rural village in Linyi County, Shandong Province is an “organ village”. A group of people there have organized the sales of their own organs. There are 15 we can use.” The market price for a kidney is about ¥50,000 Chinese yuan (about ¥620,000 Japanese yen or $8000 USD). Factoring in commissions for the broker and doctor, however, the total amount Japanese and other foreigners have to spend for a kidney transplant rises to ¥500-600,000 RMB (¥6.25-7.25 million JPY or $80,000-95,000).

A source familiar with transplants indicated that “transplants to Japanese people are occurring in places like Shandong, Tianjin, and Hunan.”

Until some years ago, most Chinese organ donors were prisoners on death row. Because of ethical and human rights complaints by the international community, the Chinese government now requires the consent of both prisoners and their family members in order to use executed people’s organs for transplants. Until now, most organs received by Japanese and other transplant patients in China came from death row, but these days kidney sales are rampant all over the country.

Original/原稿:
中国で日本人に生体闇移植=違法行為か、貧困層ら売る―「臓器村」存在
時事通信 2月20日(月)14時32分配信

 【北京時事】中国で多数の日本人が、貧困などのため金目当てに中国人の売った腎臓を使い、秘密裏に生体移植を受けていたことが20日分かった。複数の中国移植関係者が明らかにしたもので、同関係者は「今も年30~40人の日本人が中国で移植を受けているだろうが、多くの臓器は売買で得られたものだ」と語った。
 中国政府は2007年から外国人に対する臓器移植を原則として禁止。昨年の刑法改正では、臓器売買を犯罪として初めて規定し、金銭を介した生体移植への摘発を強化した。日本国内ではドナー(臓器提供者)不足が深刻化しているが、日本人が闇で生体移植を行っていることは問題となりそうだ。
 中国での移植を希望する日本人患者と中国の病院をつなぐ都内のサポート組織「NPO法人・海外医療情報相談センター」関係者は10年、山東省の軍病院医師から「移植する場合、仲介者を使っている」として北京のブローカーを紹介された。同関係者は、このブローカーが「われわれは売買された腎臓で生体移植を行っている」と持ち掛けたため違法性を感じて断った。
 ブローカーは同関係者に「山東省臨邑県の農村には集団で自分の腎臓を売る『臓器村』が存在し、15人のドナーを用意できる」と紹介。腎臓提供の相場は約5万元(約62万円)で、間に入るブローカーや医師らが報酬を取り、最終的に日本人ら外国人が腎移植を受ける際に必要な経費は計50万~60万元(約625万~750万円)に上るという。
 移植関係者は「山東省や天津、湖南省などで日本人に(売買による)生体移植が行われている」と指摘した。
 中国では数年前までドナーの大半は死刑囚で占められ、中国政府は倫理・人権面で批判する国際社会に配慮し、死刑囚本人やその家族の同意を得ることなどを前提に、死刑囚の臓器を使った移植を容認している。これまで日本人患者を含め移植の多くは死刑囚をドナーとしてきたが、最近では各地で売買による生体腎移植が横行している。 

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