President Obama Signs Executive Order Freezing Yakuza’s American Financial Assets

President Obama Signs Executive Order Freezing Yakuza’s American Financial Assets
Yomiuri Shimbun: ヤクザ、米の金融制裁対象に…オバマ大統領署名
Yoshinari Kurose reporting from Washington July 26, 2011

On the 25th, while unveiling the US government’s new Strategy to Combat Transnational Organized Crime, President Obama labeled Japanese yakuza (organized crime groups) transnational criminal organizations engaged in narcotic and human trafficking and signed an executive order freezing their American financial assets.

This bill will freeze the financial assets of Japanese criminal organizations in the United States; that is, it forbids American people or groups from taking money out of accounts connected to the yakuza.

The executive order did not name any groups in particular, but according to the U.S. Department of the Treasury, there were about 80,000 yakuza members in 2008, and their main source of funding is the trafficking of narcotics. They cooperate with other East Asian criminal groups in the weaponry, prostitution, and slave trades and use dummy businesses like construction, real estate, and financial companies as fronts to legally bank their earnings, a form of intellectual crime. They deal drugs and launder money in the United States, as well.

Original/原稿:
ヤクザ、米の金融制裁対象に…オバマ大統領署名

 【ワシントン=黒瀬悦成】オバマ米大統領は25日、初の「国際組織犯罪に関する戦略」を発表するとともに、日本の「ヤクザ(暴力団)」を、薬物取引や人身売買に関与する「国境横断的犯罪組織」に指定して金融制裁を科す大統領令に署名した。

 これにより、米国内にある日本の暴力団組織の資産は凍結される。また、米国の個人や団体が日本の暴力団と取引を行うことは禁止される。

 大統領令では個別の暴力団名などは挙げられていないが、米財務省は、「ヤクザ」の人数は2008年現在約8万人としている。同省は、ヤクザが覚醒剤を中心とする薬物取引を主要な収入源としていると指摘。東アジア諸国の犯罪組織と連携して武器密輸や売春、人身売買などの犯罪行為を行っているほか、建設・不動産・金融業などにフロント企業を使って進出して不法収益を上げる「知能犯罪」を展開し、米国内でも薬物密売や資金洗浄に関与している、とした。

(2011年7月26日11時54分 読売新聞)

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