尖閣列島衝突 ~ The Senkaku Islands Conflict

尖閣列島衝突
作者:史杰輝
編輯:陳亮妤

關於釣魚台/尖閣列島,日中台各有自己見,不過在原則上,衝突很簡單,也就是說,日本、中國、臺灣都主張擁有釣魚台的主權。中國跟臺灣一致認爲釣魚臺本來在中國範圍之内,不過到1895爲止,似乎沒有人住在那裡或是發展那裡。以1895開始,日本統治那邊,管「釣魚台」叫「尖閣列島」,那就是本來英文名字,「Pinnacle Islands」,的翻譯。第二次世界大戰之後,美國透過和平條約途徑開始統治釣魚台跟沖繩。1971年,美國將兩者都歸給日本管。
我個人認爲中國依邊緣政策處理外交。去年的衝突就是其高姿態的例子之一。它一直擴大行動的範圍,無論發生什麽仍都表示己方合法,別的國家非負起責任,比如説道歉或是賠償不可。日本應該繼續表示絕不將釣魚台歸給臺灣或是中國,以免間接鼓勵它們提出更多要求。似乎在美國放棄尖閣列島以後,中台才發現它的主權是能改變的。如果尖閣列島的爭端變得越演越烈,日本可以提醒中台:依歷史處理領土權跟領海權對它們的立場來說不見得是好事,因為同樣情況下辯論可能升高到新疆或西藏,甚至臺灣是否為大陸領土的強度。

The Senkaku Islands Conflict
Writer: James Smyth
Editor: Chen Liang-yu

Japan, China, and Taiwan have all their own arguments with respect to the Senkaku or Diaoyu Islands, but in principle, the conflict is simple: each side believes it has the right to the territory. China and Taiwan both believe that they were originally part of China, but until 1895, there were practically no people and no development there. Japan took over in 1895, and instead of calling them the Diaoyu [Fishing] Islands, it called them the Senkaku Islands, which is the Japanese translation of the original English name of “Pinnacle Islands.” America gained control of this area in addition to Okinawa after World War II by peace treaty. In 1971, America returned both of those archipelagos to Japan.

I personally believe China is engaging in brinkmanship. Last year’s conflict with Japan is but one example of its posturing. China continuously expands the range of its operations, but no matter what the conflict, it argues its own actions were legal and says that its neighbors must take responsibility for what happened, for example by apologizing or paying damages. Japan should continue to declare it will never turn the islands over to Taiwan or China: that would encourage them to ask for more. It seems like the two only made their claims after they realized the territory was in play; that is, after America gave it to Japan. If the debate over the islands turns ferocious, Japan could argue that using history to resolve land claims is dangerous: by those standards we can even question whether Xinjiang, Tibet, and even Taiwan are Chinese territory or not.

Explore posts in the same categories: China, Japan, Politics, Schoolwork, Taiwan, 中文

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One Comment on “尖閣列島衝突 ~ The Senkaku Islands Conflict”

  1. james smyth Says:

    Interesting. Thanks!


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