大眾電信與人際關係 ~ Mass Communication and Interpersonal Relations

大眾電信與人際關係
作者:史杰輝
編輯:紀壽惠

從人類開始使用電起,長途通訊一代比一代方便,甚至於現在我能每天跟母國的朋友聊天,可以隨時看見父母的臉。有些iPhone主人以爲全世界就在他們的手裏。

不能不說大眾電信的發展有許多好處,不過這樣的根本改變也帶來一些壞處。根據不少社會學家及作家的觀點,大眾電信對我們的社會技能與社會制度是一個障礙。簡單地說,看銀幕的時間越久,面對面説話的時間越短。

你不想認識鄰居或是親近家人,就不用做,反正在網路上有意思的事情五花八門。有人一連幾天都不説話。在這樣的私人社會制度下,我們沒有辦法知道誰需要精神上的安慰。有時候那些人因太焦慮而自殺或是瘋狂地傷害陌生人。

去年聖誕節,一個四十二嵗自己住的英國女生故意地過量用藥,同時在臉書上告訴她一千多朋友她正在自殺 。有的離她住得很遠的朋友擔心不過沒辦法救她。有些離住得較近的朋友卻不幫她忙,並回覆說她在騙她們,她很好笑,如果她想自殺她就應該自殺。隔一天她母親跟社區醫院才發現她的情況,不過,已經來不及了 。

上個星期六,一月八日,在亞利桑那州圖森市公共政治機會一個二十二嵗的男生突然向陌生人開槍。造成六個人死亡 ,包括一個九嵗的女孩子,以及十四個人受傷 ,包括一個美國眾議院代表。

政治解説員一直爭論兇手的政治觀念。其實,我們不了解他的情形,就不能了解他這樣做的理由。根據我的觀點,他的行爲跟政治沒有多大的關係。按照精神病醫生所知道的,好像他是精神分裂症患者。

他跟父母同住,同學説他是喜歡獨處的人。看起來安靜,不過把網路當作布告欄。他登錄著好多錄像,文章等等,顯示他很焦慮,對政府不滿意,此外他也會用武器。不過沒有人發現他有問題,才會造成這樣的悲劇。

我們很快從農村社會變成世界社會了,不過,我個人覺得非保存社區精神不可。簡單的說,跟鄰居彼此照顧就是農村的保險制度。


Mass Communication and Interpersonal Relations
Author: James Smyth
Editor: Ji Shou-hui

Since we discovered how to produce electricity, long distance communication has become easier with each passing generation, to the point where even though I live abroad, I can chat with my friends at home every day, and I can see my father and mother’s faces whenever I like.  Many an iPhone user feels like the entire world is in the palm of his hand.

There’s no doubt that the development of mass communication has done many good things for us, but such a fundamental change in our lifestyles has brought its share of problems, as well.  Quite a few sociologists and writers believe that the use of mass communication devices damages our social skills and social cohesion; to put it simply, the more time we spend looking at screens, the less time we spent talking to people face to face.  If you don’t want to meet your neighbors or have close relationships with your family members, you don’t have to, because everything that you could want is on the Internet.  Some people go days without speaking.  Under this kind of social system, we don’t have a way of knowing who needs psychiatric care.  Some of these troubled individuals commit suicide or snap and injure others.

Last Christmas, a 42-year old Englishwoman intentionally overdosed, then informed her 1000+ Facebook friends through her wall what she had just done and that she was committing suicide.  Some people were worried about her but were too far away to help her.  Others lived closer, but instead of helping, they replied that she wasn’t serious, that she was ridiculous, or that if she wanted to die, that was her own choice.  A day later, her mother and the hospital finally heard about the situation, but by the time they reached her apartment, it was too late.

Last Saturday, January 8th, at a public political assembly in Tucson, Arizona, a 22-year old male suddenly opened fire on strangers.  He killed six people, including a 9-year old girl, and injured 14 more, including a U.S. Congresswoman. Political commentators ceaselessly debated the shooter’s political views.  In reality, you couldn’t understand his motivation just by understanding his opinions.  I believe his political views had very little to do with the attack.  According to psychiatrists with knowledge of the situation, he is schizophrenic.

He lived with his parents, and his classmates said he was a troubled person.  He seemed quiet, but he made the Internet his bulletin board: he posted recordings, writing, and the like online; his work made it clear that he was unstable, unsatisfied with the government, and able to use weapons.  But no one realized he was crazed enough to cause this tragedy.

We’ve changed very quickly from a local agricultural society to a global one, but in my opinion, we have to nurture local community spirit.  Mutual concern between neighbors was the safety net of rural society.

Explore posts in the same categories: Philosophy, Politics, Schoolwork, Science, Math, Technology, USA, 中文

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