印第安納州加爾默羅市資源回收方法 ~ Waste Disposal and Recycling in Carmel, Indiana

印第安納州加爾默羅市資源回收方法
作者:史杰輝
編輯:陳亮妤

在美國,垃圾分類跟資源回收為各市政府的責任。而大部分的政府把這種清運工作歸給專門公司執行。

在我住的印第安納州加爾默羅市,各區處理各區的垃圾清運工作。我家附近的公司叫「共和廢料服務公司」。每個星期收取垃圾一次,兩個星期收取回收的資源一次。

我把我們叫「資源回收物」的東西跟臺灣的當作是一樣的東西,不過,政府卻不要求我們分類那些資源回收物。那是垃圾公司人員在回收地點才做的事情。政府繼續不斷地勸導資源回收,不過若不分類垃圾跟回收資源,公司卻不會罰。大型家電類的話,需要自己送到回收地點。

至於收費方面,三個月的垃圾費是七十美金。三個月的回收費則是十七美金。過了一兩個月,若你仍未交垃圾費,公司將隨之停止收取你的垃圾。

這些專門的垃圾公司提供市民專用垃圾桶。這種桶比普通的大得多,一個垃圾桶甚至於可以裝得下兩個大人。我們家有三個。只要把垃圾桶放在家門前。垃圾車能自己把一桶一桶的内容物清空。

雖然清潔人員每個禮拜都站在我家前面,我卻並不認識那些人員。他們根本不用從車裡出來或是跟我們説話。有問題的話,我們給公司打電話。我們也不用交由人員來處理什麽,都是我們自己的責任,或都是他們自己的責任。公司以分發郵件為宣傳的方法。

除了資源回收之外,公司把一些垃圾清運到掩埋場壓緊,掩埋。加爾默羅市沒有掩埋場,不過我們二十公里半徑範圍内有七個。公司把其他的垃圾焚化。以這兩個方法來說,掩埋會把土地弄髒,焚化又污染空氣,可是好像沒辦法呢。

網站:共和廢料服務公司

Waste Disposal and Recycling in Carmel, Indiana
Author: James Smyth
Editor: Chen Liang-yu

In America, waste disposal and recycling are the responsibility of the city government. Most cities let private companies handle this work.

In Carmel, Indiana, each neighborhood organizes its own waste disposal. The company that serves our neighborhood is Republic Waste Services of Indiana. It collects garbage every week and recycling materials every two weeks.

I think our definition of recyclable waste is the same as Taiwan’s, but we are not required to separate our garbage by type. That is the responsibility of the staff at the collection facility. The government constantly encourages citizens to recycle, but if they do not, there is no penalty. Citizens must deliver large household appliances and the like to a designated location themselves.

The fee for three months of garbage disposal is about $70. Three months of recycling costs $17. If you don’t pay your bill for a couple months, the company will stop collecting your garbage.

Companies give the citizens specialized cans. They are much bigger than normal trash bins; one of ours could fit two adults inside, and we have three. We need only place them in front of our home. The garbage truck can empty the contents itself.

Although the company stops in front of our home every week, I’ve never met any of its workers. They never have a reason to leave the truck and talk to us. If there is a problem, we call the company. We never have to set up meetings with staff; tasks are either solely our responsibility or solely theirs. The company sends us announcements in the mail.

Besides what is recycled, the companies send some trash to landfills to be compressed and buried. There aren’t any in Carmel, but there are 7 within a 20 mile radius. The rest of the garbage is incinerated. Landfills are bad for the earth, and incineration pollutes the air, but it seems like there is no better option.

Republic Waste Services of Indiana

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