女強人問卷調查 ~ Gender Equality Survey

女強人問卷調查
作者:史杰輝
編輯:黃馨慧

我用電子郵件問我家人和朋友課本裏的問題。因爲我媽媽不常用電腦,所以跟她用電話討論。在訪談中,有人只給我答案,有人闡明觀點。其中除了一個是英國人,一個新加坡人以外,其餘的受訪者都是美國人。多數也是天主教徒。保守黨和自由黨的人是一樣的。有趣的事,男人和女人的回答沒有那麽大的差別。

問題 同意 不一定 不同意
1 女人比男人勇敢 2 3 15
2 女人比較喜歡說話 16 1 3
3 女人學外國話學得比較快 3 7 10
4 女人的分析能力跟男人一樣好 5 6 9
5 女人喜歡穿漂亮的衣服,因爲她們想要吸引男人 9 3 8
6 女人有時候需要男人的保護 14 0 6
7 女人應該以先生和孩子為中心 8 1 11
8 女人和男人的工作能力一樣,所以女人也應該工作 15 1 4
9 女人比較有耐心,所以合適當老師 1 1 18

評論
1. 女人比男人勇敢
一些人雖然寫男人和女人一樣勇敢,可是勇敢的方式不一樣。比如男人對應付生理上的危險比較強,可是女人卻比較能忍受感情的困難。(有一個人認爲這是社會的條件所造成的。)

2. 女人比較喜歡說話
不同意的三人之内,兩個就是我媽媽和妹妹。他們的理由是「你爸爸比誰都愛説話」。她們說得很對。我爸爸卻覺得女人比較喜歡說話。

3. 女人學外國話學得比較快
對我這些第二代移民的朋友來説,家裏的女兒說父母的母語比兒子來得流利。可是受訪者,其中一些是在日本教英文,因此我不太同意。

4. 女人的分析能力跟男人一樣好
我工程師的朋友認識一些很有成就的女同事,可是,他們的女同學和女同事相當少。數學專業的朋友也說他科系的女同學又少又難以應付。他記得幫她們做作業的時候,常常聼她們說「這個問題太難,讓我覺得挫折,懶得做完」,那樣的話。我朋友說儘管他自己很容易動感情,例如喜愛浪漫主義音樂,可是心目中覺得感覺和邏輯分析沒有關係,因此他冷靜地做數學。因爲一般男生比一般女生更能把頭和心分開,所以男生一方面更能集中精神。不過男生比較傾向說冷漠的話,容易傷害別人。

5. 女人喜歡穿漂亮的衣服,因爲她們想要吸引男人
多半覺得女生穿漂亮的衣服不但是想影響男生和別的女生,而且讓她們更有自信。

6. 女生有時候需要男人的保護。
課本本來的問題是「女生需要男人的保護」,可是我認爲一般的美國人不接受這個看法,所以我改了一點。我的改變對回答有影響,因爲男女都說女生一個人旅行或是半夜走路回家相當危險。連對一個學習拳擊的女性朋友也說,「除非女生帶著武器,否則我同意『第六問』。」

7. 女人應該以先生和孩子為中心
同意的人都主張男人也應該以太太和孩子為中心。一個不同意的人說,「因人而異。」

8. 女人和男人的工作能力一樣,所以女人也應該工作
雖然我媽媽是家庭主婦,可是她和我爸爸也同意第八題,因爲他們覺得做家庭主婦也是一種工作。不同意的人也覺得生孩子的時候,另一個人在家照顧他們是應該的。

9. 女人比較有耐心,所以合適當老師
受訪者既不同意女生最合適當老師,也不認為女生比較有耐心。
在美國,男性的小學和國中老師很少。不過在日本,雖然小學二年級以下的老師差不多都是女生,可是八嵗以上學生的老師,男性和女性一樣多。我認爲因爲在美國,老師的薪水和地位很低,所以男生比較不願做那樣的工作。不過父母和學生卻都歡迎男老師。

Gender Equality Survey
Author: James Smyth
Editor: Huang Xin-hui

I e-mailed family and friends to ask them the questions in the textbook. Since my mother doesn’t use the computer much, I called her to discuss it. Some people gave explanations for their responses and some didn’t. Besides one person from England and one from Singapore, everyone was American. The majority were Catholic. Republicans and Democrats were equally represented. Interestingly enough, the men’s answers were not much different from the women’s.

Statement Agree Uncertain Disagree
1 Women are braver than men. 2 3 15
2 Women like talking more than men. 16 1 3
3 Women learn foreign languages faster than men. 3 7 10
4 Women and men are equally analytical. 5 6 9
5 Women like to wear pretty clothes because they want to be more attractive to men. 9 3 8
6 Women need men’s protection in certain situations. 14 0 6
7 Women should be most focused on their husbands and children. 8 1 11
8 Women and men have the same ability to do work, so women should get jobs. 15 1 4
9 Women are more patient than men, so it’s more appropriate for them to become teachers. 1 1 18

Commentary
1. Women are braver than men.
Some people said that although men and women are equally brave, they are brave in different ways: for instance, men are more resistant to physical danger while women can handle emotional difficulties better. (One respondent said this is the result of social conditioning.)

2. Women like talking more than men.
Two of the three people who disagreed were my mother and sister. Their reason was that my father loves to talk more than anyone. That’s very true. My father, for his part, said women prefer speaking.

3. Women learn foreign languages faster than men.
My second generation immigrant friends have told me that the girls in their families learn their parents’ native language better than the boys do. But my respondents, some of whom teach English in Japan, don’t share that opinion.

4. Women and men are equally analytical.
My engineer friends have some very accomplished female colleages, but their coworkers and college classmates are more often than not male. My friend who majored in Mathematics said there were few women in his classes, and they struggled more with the courseload. He remembers that while he was helping them, they would talk about how they were feeling about each problem and how that affected their work. He says that although he is very emotional himself, for example he loves Romantic music, he believes that emotion and logic have nothing to do with each other, so he does math emotionlessly. The average man can better separate logic and emotions, he can usually focus better on logical analysis better than the average woman. However, men also have more of a tendency to speak coldly and hurt other people.

5. Women like to wear pretty clothes because they want to be more attractive to men.
Most think that women dress not only to impress men but also other women, and dressing well also gives them self-confidence.

6. Women need men’s protection in certain situations.
The statement in the book was “A woman needs a man’s protection,” but I assumed that very few Americans would agree with this, so I changed the question. My change affected the responses, since men and women both said that it’s fairly dangerous for women to travel or walk home alone at night. Even my female friend who studies kickboxing said that unless the woman had a weapon, she’d have to agree with #6.

7. Women should be most focused on their husbands and children.
Those who agreed stipulated that men should also make their wives and children the center of their attention. One person who disagreed said “to each her own.”

8. Women and men have the same ability to do work, so women should get jobs.
Though my mother is a homemaker, she and my father both agreed with this statement, since they consider homemaking an occupation. Those who dissented said that when a family has a small child, someone should stay home and take care of him.

9. Women are more patient than men, so it’s more appropriate for them to become teachers.
The respondents not only disagreed about women being better teachers but also about women being more patient than men.
In America, very few men teach elementary or junior high school. In Japan, though teachers are mostly female until the second grade of elementary school, for the grades above that there are as many men as women. I think this is because in America, teachers receive little salary or respect, so men don’t want to go into that sort of work. Both parents and students love male teachers, however.

Explore posts in the same categories: Schoolwork, USA, 中文

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: