女強人問卷調查 ~ Gender Equality Survey
Gender Equality Survey
Author: James Smyth
Editor: Huang Xin-hui
I e-mailed family and friends to ask them the questions in the textbook. Since my mother doesn’t use the computer much, I called her to discuss it. Some people gave explanations for their responses and some didn’t. Besides one person from England and one from Singapore, everyone was American. The majority were Catholic. Republicans and Democrats were equally represented. Interestingly enough, the men’s answers were not much different from the women’s.
|1||Women are braver than men.||2||3||15|
|2||Women like talking more than men.||16||1||3|
|3||Women learn foreign languages faster than men.||3||7||10|
|4||Women and men are equally analytical.||5||6||9|
|5||Women like to wear pretty clothes because they want to be more attractive to men.||9||3||8|
|6||Women need men’s protection in certain situations.||14||0||6|
|7||Women should be most focused on their husbands and children.||8||1||11|
|8||Women and men have the same ability to do work, so women should get jobs.||15||1||4|
|9||Women are more patient than men, so it’s more appropriate for them to become teachers.||1||1||18|
1. Women are braver than men.
Some people said that although men and women are equally brave, they are brave in different ways: for instance, men are more resistant to physical danger while women can handle emotional difficulties better. (One respondent said this is the result of social conditioning.)
2. Women like talking more than men.
Two of the three people who disagreed were my mother and sister. Their reason was that my father loves to talk more than anyone. That’s very true. My father, for his part, said women prefer speaking.
3. Women learn foreign languages faster than men.
My second generation immigrant friends have told me that the girls in their families learn their parents’ native language better than the boys do. But my respondents, some of whom teach English in Japan, don’t share that opinion.
4. Women and men are equally analytical.
My engineer friends have some very accomplished female colleages, but their coworkers and college classmates are more often than not male. My friend who majored in Mathematics said there were few women in his classes, and they struggled more with the courseload. He remembers that while he was helping them, they would talk about how they were feeling about each problem and how that affected their work. He says that although he is very emotional himself, for example he loves Romantic music, he believes that emotion and logic have nothing to do with each other, so he does math emotionlessly. The average man can better separate logic and emotions, he can usually focus better on logical analysis better than the average woman. However, men also have more of a tendency to speak coldly and hurt other people.
5. Women like to wear pretty clothes because they want to be more attractive to men.
Most think that women dress not only to impress men but also other women, and dressing well also gives them self-confidence.
6. Women need men’s protection in certain situations.
The statement in the book was “A woman needs a man’s protection,” but I assumed that very few Americans would agree with this, so I changed the question. My change affected the responses, since men and women both said that it’s fairly dangerous for women to travel or walk home alone at night. Even my female friend who studies kickboxing said that unless the woman had a weapon, she’d have to agree with #6.
7. Women should be most focused on their husbands and children.
Those who agreed stipulated that men should also make their wives and children the center of their attention. One person who disagreed said “to each her own.”
8. Women and men have the same ability to do work, so women should get jobs.
Though my mother is a homemaker, she and my father both agreed with this statement, since they consider homemaking an occupation. Those who dissented said that when a family has a small child, someone should stay home and take care of him.
9. Women are more patient than men, so it’s more appropriate for them to become teachers.
The respondents not only disagreed about women being better teachers but also about women being more patient than men.
In America, very few men teach elementary or junior high school. In Japan, though teachers are mostly female until the second grade of elementary school, for the grades above that there are as many men as women. I think this is because in America, teachers receive little salary or respect, so men don’t want to go into that sort of work. Both parents and students love male teachers, however.